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What Are Digestive Enzymes

What Are Digestive Enzymes

Digestive enzymes are used to break down proteins, carbohydrates and fats into usable nutrients. The body produces over twenty types of digestive enzymes to ensure each food item you eat is broken down properly so it can be used by the body. Digestion starts as soon as you put food in your mouth. As you chew your food, digestive enzymes found in your saliva mix with the food to begin breaking it down. Then, the food travels into the stomach where it is mixed with stomach acid and a variety of enzymes to break down further. Finally, it travels to the intestines, where pancreatic enzymes mix with the remaining particles and break the food particles down into usable nutrients.

Causes of Low Enzymes

There are many reasons that your body is unable to produce enough enzymes to ensure proper digestion. Processed foods, age and illness can all lower the number of digestive enzymes your body produces. Finally, pancreatic insufficiency can cause low digestive enzymes. The pancreas secrete enzymes into the small intestines to help the body absorb the nutrients from your food.

Symptoms of Low Digestive Enzymes

Numerous issues happen when food is not properly digested. These include digestive disturbances, such as indigestion, bloating and gas. You may also experience constipation and diarrhea.

Another symptom of low digestive enzymes is nutrient deficiencies,when the body is unable to break down food, the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy. Instead of reaching for a multivitamin that may not be able to be broken down, turn to a digestive enzyme. A digestive enzyme, such as those offered by BioMatrix supplement, would ensure you digest your foods properly and receive the nutrients your body needs.

Classes of Digestive Enzymes

Digestive enzymes are produced by the mouth, stomach, pancreas and the small and large intestines. During each transition through the digestive tract, enzymes are released to aid in digestion. These include:


Protease enzymes are produced in the pancreas and released into the small intestine to help break down proteins, such as meat, dairy and plant based proteins. In addition to protease created by the pancreas, protease is found in papayas (papain) and pineapples (bromelain).


Lipase helps break down fats into fatty acids. This digestive enzyme is produced in the mouth, stomach, pancreas and liver. Those suffering with Crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis or celiac disease often need to take a digestive enzyme supplement because their bodies do not produce enough of this all-important enzyme.

What Are Digestive Enzymes


Amylase is used to break down carbohydrates. This digestive enzyme is produced in the mouth as well as the pancreas.


Gelatinase is used to break down proteins, collagen and gelatin. This enzyme breaks these substances down into usable fatty acids, which are used for energy, reproduction and cellular repair and regeneration.

The digestive tract is an intricately designed processing facility where food is broken down into nutrients your cells can use for nutrition and energy. When digestion is sluggish due to low digestive enzymes, a host of issue can arise, including nutrient deficiencies, fatigue and disease. Digestive enzymes help ensure you have what your body needs to break down the nutritious food you eat.

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