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Understanding your Thyroid

Understanding your Thyroid

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck. This butterfly shaped gland contains two globes- one on the left side of the trachea and the other on the right side of the trachea. The thyroid gland is responsible for making thyroid hormones, which affects nearly every type of tissue located in the body. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism.

Numerous conditions can be caused by either too much or too little thyroid hormone, including cancer, thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Additionally, nodules and excessive growth of this all-important gland can compress structures located in the neck, causing deformities, which can make breathing or speech difficulties.

1. Thyroid Cancer- Cancer of the thyroid gland is common; in fact, approximately 56,000 new cases of this cancer are diagnosed yearly. Females are three times more likely to have thyroid cancer than men are. Additionally, this cancer is more common in patients older than 30. The symptoms of thyroid cancer include neck pain, enlarged lymph nodes and a hoarse voice.

2. Enlarged Thyroid Gland- An enlarged thyroid gland is often referred to as a goiter. These enlargements are noncancerous. Goiters may be removed for cosmetic purposes; however, they are usually only removed if the enlarged gland is pressing on the structures within the neck or esophagus.

3. Thyroiditis- Thyroiditis occurs when the thyroid gland becomes inflamed. This condition is often accompanied by fever and pain. However, there is no infection present. The most common cause of thyroiditis is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This condition occurs when the thyroid cannot convert iodine into the thyroid hormone. This causes the thyroid to enlarge to compensate for the reduction of thyroid hormones within the body.

4. Hyperthyroidism- Hyperthyroidism occurs when the body produces too much of the thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism can cause a number of symptoms, including rapid weight loss, excessive sweating, nervousness, rapid heartbeat, hand tremors and sleep issues.

5. Hypothyroidism-Hypothyroidism occurs when the body does not produce enough of the thyroid hormone. This disease is the polar opposite of hyperthyroidism. Patients suffering from hypothyroidism may experience weight gain, decreased libido, memory loss, constipation, cold intolerance and fatigue. It could also cause hair loss, coarse hair, dry skin and weakness.

6. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome- Although not found in the thyroid region, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can be directly related to hypothyroidism. This disease negatively impacts thousands of women each year. The symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or PCOS, include infertility, increased facial hair growth, acne, dandruff and cysts on the ovaries.

There are many things you can do to help improve your thyroid functions and get your thyroid to function properly. This all-important gland controls metabolism, energy and sleep patterns. Thyroid support supplements  such as pure parathyroid can help protect and nourish the thyroid . The following list of nutrients can help ensure your thyroid is functioning properly.

a. Zinc

b. Iodine

c. Selenium

d. Vitamin A

e. Vitamin C

f. Vitamin E

g. B vitamins

Managing your thyroid symptoms is easy when you understand what the thyroid is, how it works and how you can nourish it.

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